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Colorectal cancer

About colorectal cancer

The colon, also called the large intestine or large bowel, connects the small intestine (or small bowel) to the rectum. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are grouped together because they share many characteristics, symptoms and treatments.

Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the United States. More than 145,000 new cases of the disease will be diagnosed in 2019, according to the American Cancer Society. Only lung cancer accounts for more cancer deaths than colorectal cancer. Risk of the disease can be reduced with proper diet, smoking cessation and other lifestyle choices. And colorectal cancer can be detected early with a screening proper screening regimen. Incidences of colorectal cancer have declines dramatically in recent decades. In 1995, 53 new cases of colorectal cancer were diagnosed per 100,000 Americans. In 2015, that number had dropped to 36 per 100,000.