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Prostate cancer

About prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is cancer forms in the tissues of the prostate gland. Located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum, the prostate is the male sex gland responsible for the production of semen.

The disease is the most common type of cancer found in American men, after skin cancer. The American Cancer Society estimates that roughly 174,650 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2019. Nearly one in nine men will develop prostate cancer in his lifetime, though it is usually diagnosed after age 40.

Every case of prostate cancer is different. The disease may behave differently from one patient to another. By age 50, about half of all men experience small changes in the size and shape of the cells in the prostate, as part of the typical aging process. Understanding whether these changes are signs of disease and knowing your risk for developing prostate cancer are the first steps in protecting your health.

Fortunately, prostate cancer is one of the most treatable malignancies if it’s caught early. Routine screening has improved the diagnosis of prostate cancer in recent years. In addition, evidence-informed therapies may help to reduce the side effects of prostate cancer treatment, including incontinence and erectile dysfunction.

The cancer experts at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) have experience in staging and diagnosing the disease, and developing a treatment plan tailored to your specific type and stage of prostate cancer.