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Cancer Treatment Centers of America

Types of throat cancer

Every throat cancer patient is different. The cancer experts at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) have extensive experience in properly staging and diagnosing the disease, and developing a treatment plan tailored to your specific type of throat cancer.

There are two main types of throat cancer:

Squamous cell carcinoma develops in the thin, flat cells that line much of the throat. These cells look like fish scales when checked under a microscope. This type of throat cancer is the most common in the United States.

Adenocarcinoma begins in the glandular cells of the throat.

Sarcoma is a less common type of throat cancer that develops in the muscle fibers of the neck.

Laryngeal cancer and pharyngeal cancer are two of the most common types of throat cancer.

Pharyngeal cancer is categorized by three types:

  • Nasopharynx cancer forms in the upper part of the throat, behind the nose.
  • Oropharynx cancer forms in the middle part of the throat, behind the mouth.
  • Hypopharynx cancer forms in the bottom part of the throat, just above the larynx, or voice box.

Laryngeal cancer refers to cancer that forms in the larynx.


Last Revised: 06/28/2018

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