Stage IV liver cancer
Stage IV liver cancer is the most advanced form of the disease. In stage IV, the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes and may have grown into nearby blood vessels or organs. Advanced liver cancer does not often metastasize (or travel to distant organs), but when it does, it is most likely to spread to the lungs and bones.
The five-year survival rate for a patient whose liver cancer has spread to surrounding tissue, organs and/or lymph nodes is an estimated 11 percent. The five-year survival rate for a patient whose liver cancer has spread to distant tissue, organs and/or lymph nodes is estimated at 3 percent.
At Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA), we offer a number of treatment options for patients with advanced-stage liver cancer. We also provide therapies designed to ease the symptoms often associated with liver cancer.
TNM categories of stage IV
Stage IV liver cancer may be:
- Any T, N1 and M0, meaning that there may be any number or size of tumors in the liver, and that it has spread to nearby lymph nodes , but there is no evidence the cancer has spread to distant organs or tissue.
- Any T, any N and M1, meaning there may be any number or size of tumors in the liver, the cancer may or may not have grown into the lymph nodes, and it has spread to another part of the body.
Common treatments for stage IV liver cancer: In stage IV liver cancer, chemoembolization, a form of chemotherapy, may be a recommended course of treatment. Targeted therapy, with the drug sorafenib (Nexavar®), may be an option to help slow the tumor's growth. We also provide therapies that may help ease the symptoms often associated with liver cancer.