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Cancer Treatment Centers of America

Hemorrhoid treatment

Hemorrhoids are swollen, inflamed veins in and around the anus and lower rectum. They are common, but can be painful.

Hemorrhoids develop at the beginning of the rectum or the opening of the anus. They can be caused by straining during bowel movements, constipation, diarrhea, anal infection, sitting for long periods, pregnancy and other factors.

Hemorrhoid treatments include the following:

  • Increasing the amount of fiber in a diet by eating more fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Sitting in a warm water bath for 10 minutes or more.
  • Application of over-the-counter medications containing hydrocortisone or witch hazel to reduce swelling, pain and itching.
  • Stool softeners to help reduce straining and constipation.

  • Minimally invasive procedures
    • Blood clot removal (for external hemorrhoids): A surgical incision is made into the hemorrhoid to excise the blood.
    • Rubber band ligation (for internal hemorrhoids): One or two rubber bands are put at the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off its circulation. The hemorrhoid falls off in about a week.
  • Surgical treatment
    • Removal of internal or external hemorrhoids (hemorrhoidectomy): The excess tissue that causes bleeding and protrusion is surgically removed.
    • Hemorrhoid stapling: A special device is used to staple and shrink internal hemorrhoids.

Colorectal cancer infographic

colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in both men and women in the United States. Most colorectal cancers grow slowly over several years, and about 1 in 20 people develop colorectal cancer at some point in life. Due to a combination of early screening and improved treatments, survivorship has increased over the past 20 years.

Why nutrition matters


Our experts answer questions about nutritional needs for people with cancer.

Integrative approach

integrative approach

Advanced treatments combined with supportive care services means we support your well-being while we treat cancer.