What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is cancer that begins in tissues of the prostate gland. Located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum, the prostate is the male sex gland responsible for the production of semen.
Every case of prostate cancer is different. The disease may behave differently from one patient to another. By age 50, about half of all men experience small changes in the size and shape of the cells in the prostate, as part of the typical aging process. Understanding whether those changes are signs of disease and knowing your risk for developing prostate cancer are the first steps in protecting your health.
Fortunately, prostate cancer is one of the most treatable malignancies if it’s caught early. Routine screening has improved the diagnosis of prostate cancer in recent years. In addition, evidence-based therapies may help to minimize the side effects of prostate cancer treatment, including incontinence and erectile dysfunction.
The cancer experts at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) have extensive experience in staging and diagnosing the disease, and developing a treatment plan tailored to your specific type and stage of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer incidence
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer found in American men, after skin cancer. The American Cancer Society estimates that roughly 164,690 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2018. Nearly one in nine men will develop prostate cancer in his lifetime, though it is usually diagnosed after age 40.