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Cancer Treatment Centers of America

Kyphoplasty-vertebroplasty for multiple myeloma

Kyphoplasty / vertebroplasty for multiple myeloma

Multiple myeloma may cause weakened, brittle bones, which may result in compression fractures of the spinal vertebrae. Vertebral compression fractures may cause severe back pain and changes in your posture (e.g., kyphosis, or hunchback) and physical performance. These changes may make you feel self-conscious about your appearance, and interfere with your ability to participate in activities you once did.

Both kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty procedures involve a short surgical and recovery time, and may help to:

  • Relieve pain
  • Restore height
  • Strengthen the vertebra
  • Reduce spinal deformity
  • Stabilize fractures

Your care team includes clinicians from many various disciplines who work together to support you during your multiple myeloma treatment. For example, a rehabilitation therapist may work with you to incorporate safe levels of activity and help you overcome physical deficits. An image enhancement specialist may find ways to help you look and feel better. A mind-body therapist may provide counseling and relaxation techniques to help improve your emotional well-being.

What is kyphoplasty / vertebroplasty?

Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are minimally invasive procedures used to rebuild cracked or collapsed vertebrae, which can result from certain cancers or metastatic tumors.

In both kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty, our doctors use image guidance to inject a rapidly hardening cement-like material directly into the fractured bone through a hollow needle. In vertebroplasty, high pressure is used to push the liquid bone cement through the needle. In kyphoplasty, a special balloon is first gently inflated inside the fractured bone to expand it to its normal height, and then removed before filling the space with the bone cement.

We use a synthetic bone material that is considered to be as strong as bone and, when it sets, doesn’t get hot or injure normal bone tissue. It also hardens within five minutes after being injected into the bone.