Pathology is a field of science focused on examining tissues, organs and bodily fluids in order to make a diagnosis related to diseases such as cancer. Our pathologists at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) have years of experience in diagnosing and classifying numerous types of tumors. Using laboratory tests like microscopic examinations helps a pathologist to determine whether a tumor is benign or cancerous. If it is cancerous, the pathologist works to identify the cell type and grade of the tumor.
Medical oncologists may order pathology tests to diagnose cancer. These cells are often removed from the patient through a needle, biopsy or surgical procedure. Pathologists examine surgically removed bodily specimens, blood, urine or tissue samples to diagnose the disease. Once the examination is complete, the pathologists at CTCA® have the training, background and expertise to prepare a pathology report to detail the findings and outline the description of the cells identified. Along with other tests, the pathology report is important for cancer diagnosis and staging and may help determine treatment options.
The medical oncologists at all five CTCA hospitals across the United States discuss with other members of the patient’s care team the various findings outlined in the pathology report. The pathologist is part of a multi-disciplinary care team at CTCA that works together, all under one roof, to deliver comprehensive, integrative cancer care. The integrative care model at CTCA combines conventional treatments like surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy with evidence-based supportive therapies to manage cancer-related side effects, such as pain, fatigue, nausea, depression and sexual dysfunction.