An otolaryngologist is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ears, nose and throat. Otolaryngologists, or ENT doctors, at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® (CTCA) help treat patients who have head and neck cancer. This may include cancers in the throat, larynx (voice box), nose, sinuses or mouth.
Many head and neck cancers are considered squamous cell carcinomas, because they begin in the surface layer of the head or neck, where the cells are flat and squamous. Cancer limited to this superficial layer of cells is called carcinoma in situ. Invasive squamous cell carcinoma occurs when the malignant cells spread into deeper layers of the skin.
An otolaryngologist is a doctor with training in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose, throat and related structures of the head and neck. They perform surgical procedures such as laryngectomies, neck dissections, thyroidectomies/parathyroidectomies, parotidectomies, sinonasal tumor excisions, endoscopic sinus surgery and other ENT and head/neck surgeries.
Members of the otolaryngology team at CTCA® understand the complexities of head and neck cancers. Otolaryngologists at our five CTCA hospitals, located across the United States in and around major metropolitan areas, work with members of your care team to recommend conventional treatments such as radiation, chemotherapy and surgery. At CTCA, we strive to educate and empower patients to take an active role in the treatment decision-making process. Otolaryngologists also collaborate with supportive care clinicians who provide oncology rehabilitation, mind-body medicine, chiropractic care, nutrition therapy and other techniques designed to help manage the emotional and physical side effects of cancer and to help support patients’ quality of life.