Cancer Treatment Centers of America

Surgery for vulvar cancer

surgical oncology

Surgery for vulvar cancer

Our experienced gynecologic oncologist performs numerous surgical procedures to treat vulvar cancers:

  • Local excision: Also known as a wide excision, the doctor removes the cancer and some of the surrounding normal tissue (the margin). Nearby lymph nodes may also be removed and examined for signs of cancer cells.
  • Vulvectomy: For this type of surgery, all or part of the vulva is removed. In some cases, the surrounding supporting tissue is also removed (radical vulvectomy).
  • Pelvic extenteration: During this extensive vulvar cancer surgical procedure, the uterus, cervix, vagina, ovaries, bladder, rectum and nearby lymph nodes may be removed, depending on the extent of the cancer. Tissue from elsewhere in the body is used to reconstruct the vagina, and urine and stool are passed into external bags. This operation is rarely used to treat vaginal cancers, but may be necessary if the cancer comes back after radiation therapy, or in cases where radiation therapy cannot be used.