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Proctosigmoidoscopy and cystoscopy for vulvar cancer

Proctosigmoidoscopy and cystoscopy for vulvar cancer

Proctosigmoidoscopy and cystoscopy are used to detect if the cancer has spread to the rectum, colon or bladder.

What is a proctosigmoidoscopy and cystoscopy?

In these two similar procedures, a doctor will use a flexible, thin hollow tube with a lens and a light on the end to examine the rectum and colon or the bladder. A proctosigmoidoscopy is used to examine the rectum and colon, while a cystoscopy is used to view the bladder.