Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) is a minimally invasive technique for patients diagnosed with a large kidney tumor. Radical nephrectomy removes the entire kidney and surrounding fat to treat larger kidney tumors (those greater than 4-5cm).
Part of the renal system, the kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located at the rear of the abdominal cavity. The kidneys’ main role is to filter blood and remove excess water, salt and waste from the body. Kidney cancer occurs when a malignant tumor develops in the tissue of the kidney.
A laparoscopic approach may be recommended for patients with metastatic disease, renal masses or evidence of disease in the regional lymph nodes.
Performed under general anesthesia, a laparoscopic radical nephrectomy accesses the abdominal area through three or four small incisions. The procedure typically takes two to three hours. After a brief overnight hospital stay, patients who undergo a laparoscopic radical nephrectomy often are able to return to their regular activities within a few weeks.