Cancer Treatment Centers of America

Hemorrhoid treatment

Hemorrhoids are swollen, inflamed veins in and around the anus and lower rectum. They are common, but can be painful.

Hemorrhoids develop at the beginning of the rectum or the opening of the anus. They can be caused by straining during bowel movements, constipation, diarrhea, anal infection, sitting for long periods, pregnancy and other factors.

Hemorrhoid treatments include the following:

  • Increasing the amount of fiber in a diet by eating more fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Sitting in a warm water bath for 10 minutes or more.
  • Application of over-the-counter medications containing hydrocortisone or witch hazel to reduce swelling, pain and itching.
  • Stool softeners to help reduce straining and constipation.

  • Minimally invasive procedures
    • Blood clot removal (for external hemorrhoids): A surgical incision is made into the hemorrhoid to excise the blood.
    • Rubber band ligation (for internal hemorrhoids): One or two rubber bands are put at the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off its circulation. The hemorrhoid falls off in about a week.
    • Injection of a chemical solution to shrink the hemorrhoid.
    • Coagulation techniques using laser or infrared light or heat to shrink hemorrhoids.
  • Surgical treatment
    • Removal of internal or external hemorrhoids (hemorrhoidectomy): The excess tissue that causes bleeding and protrusion is surgically removed.
    • Hemorrhoid stapling: A special device is used to staple and shrink internal hemorrhoids.

Colorectal cancer screening

colorectal screening

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that all adults get screened with one or more of these tests beginning at age 50.

Why nutrition matters


Our experts answer questions about nutritional needs for people with cancer.

Integrative approach

integrative approach

Advanced treatments combined with supportive care services means we support your well-being while we treat cancer.