Recent research suggests that epithelial ovarian cancer may originate in the fallopian tubes. Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most common type of the disease, accounting for about 90 percent of all ovarian cancers. Fallopian tube lavage is a diagnostic test to screen women at risk for ovarian by to collecting cells from the fallopian tubes.
Fallopian tube lavage is a novel approach that avoids unnecessary surgery to detect ovarian cancer. To date, surgery has been the only reliable way to diagnose women suspected of having ovarian cancer, as early detection screening methods do not exist. But most women who undergo surgery based on sonogram screening do not have the disease.
Our gynecologic oncologists are using fallopian tube lavage as a nonsurgical way to detect ovarian cancer. During the procedure, your surgeon uses a catheter that passes through the vagina and delivers fluid to the uterus and fallopian tubes. The catheter is attached to a transvaginal ultrasound probe that guides a sampling needle to collect the fluid. The fluid then would be sent to a pathologist, who studies the cells from the fallopian tubes under a microscope for signs of ovarian cancer.