Cancer Treatment Centers of America

Thyroid cancer information

What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer is a form of cancer that develops from the tissues of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the throat, below the thyroid cartilage (also known as the Adam’s apple).

The thyroid gland produces several important hormones, including the thyroid hormone, which is involved in controlling body temperature, weight, energy level and heart rate. The thyroid gland also produces calcitonin, which helps the body use calcium.

Thyroid cancer incidence

The American Cancer Society estimates that 56,870 people in the United States will be diagnosed with thyroid cancer in 2017. Compared with other common types of cancer, thyroid cancer occurs more frequently in younger patients with about 65 percent of cases occurring in people under the age of 55. Women are also approximately three times more likely to develop thyroid cancer than men.

Diagnosing thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer types

Learn about the different types of thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer symptoms

Read about common thyroid cancer symptoms.

Thyroid cancer risk factors

Read about common risk factors for thyroid cancer.

Thyroid cancer stages

Learn about the stages of thyroid cancer.

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