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Testicular cancer stages

Making an educated treatment decision begins with the stage, or progression, of the disease. The stage of testicular cancer is one of the most important factors in evaluating treatment options.

Our cancer doctors use a variety of diagnostic tests to evaluate testicular cancer and develop an individualized treatment plan. If you have been recently diagnosed, we will review your pathology to confirm you have received the correct diagnosis and staging information, and develop a personalized treatment plan. If you have a recurrence, we will perform comprehensive testing and identify a treatment approach that is suited to your needs.

Video: Cancer Staging

Cancer Staging

TNM system for testicular cancer

Testicular cancer staging describes how large a cancer is, whether or not the disease has spread and if it is producing tumor markers, in addition to the the level of those proteins in the serum, or blood. The staging guidelines developed by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) are often used in testicular cancer staging.

The stages are based on four categories:

  • T – Describes whether the tumor has spread to tissues near the testicle.
  • N – Indicates whether the testicular cancer cells have spread to regional lymph nodes.
  • M – Refers to whether the cancer has metastasized (spread to distant areas of the body).
  • S – Indicates the level of tumor marker proteins in the serum, or blood.

Once the individual T, N, M and S components are scored, they are combined to determine the overall testicular cancer stage group.

We're here to guide you through the cancer journey

We understand you may be feeling overwhelmed with questions and concerns about your type of cancer and what it all means. We're here to help guide you through the process.

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Our team of cancer experts uses advanced, minimally invasive diagnostic technology to detect cancerous cells anywhere in the body.

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