Active surveillance for prostate cancer
Active surveillance may be an option for patients with very low-risk prostate cancer and a life expectancy of less than 20 years.
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Surgery for prostate cancer
Surgical treatments for prostate cancer may be an option for men who qualify based on their overall health and other factors. Surgery is designed to remove the cancer through an open (traditional) operation or with robotic equipment.
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Chemotherapy for prostate cancer
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells or restrict their growth. It is prescribed in cases of recurrent or advanced prostate cancer.
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External beam radiation therapy
External beam radiation therapy uses high-energy beams outside the body to reduce or eliminate tumors inside the body.
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Immunotherapy is designed to boost the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells in late-stage cancers.
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Brachytherapy, also called seed implantation, is a form of radiation therapy used to treat prostate cancer. There are two types of brachytherapy: low-dose rate and high-dose rate brachytherapy.
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Hormone therapy for prostate cancer
Hormone therapy, also known as androgen deprivation therapy or ADT, is designed to stop testosterone from fueling cancer growth.
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Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a form of radiation that focuses high-power energy on a small area of the body. Despite its name, radiosurgery is a treatment, not a surgical procedure.
When SRS is used to treat body tumors, it is called stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT).
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