Cancer Treatment Centers of America

Lab tests for multiple myeloma

Lab tests for multiple myeloma

We may use blood tests to check the amount of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in the blood, which are often lower than normal from the disease.

Your doctor may also check for the presence of proteins in the blood or urine, as well as levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, albumin and calcium.

What are lab tests?

A complete blood count (CBC) is a common laboratory test used to measure blood counts (or the number of blood cells circulating in the bloodstream). A CBC measures the level of red blood cells (which carry oxygen throughout the body), white blood cells (which fight infection), and platelets (which help with blood clotting) in a blood sample. A CBC also measures hemoglobin (a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen) and hematocrit (the ratio of red blood cells to plasma).