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Surgery for liver cancer

surgical oncology

Surgery for liver cancer

Liver cancers are classified based on whether or not they can be completely removed (resected). Depending on the size and location of the tumor, it may be removed by partial or total surgery of the liver.

  • Localized resectable cancers are those that can be completely removed by surgery; only a small number of patients with liver cancer have such tumors.
  • Localized unresectable cancers are those that have not spread to the lymph nodes or distant organs but cannot be completely removed by surgery. This may be because the non-cancerous part of the liver is not healthy, the cancer has spread throughout the liver, or the tumor is close to the main arteries, veins and bile ducts.
  • Advanced cancers have spread to lymph nodes or other organs beyond the liver and cannot be treated with surgery.