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Esophageal Cancer - The presence of cancerous cells in the tissues of the esophagus (the muscular tube that connects the throat and stomach). Two common types of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells lining the esophagus) and adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins in glandular, or secretory, cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).
Esophageal cancer is more common in men than in women. Some risk factors for esophageal cancer may include the following: tobacco use, heavy alcohol consumption, obesity, chronic acid reflux syndrome, and a diet lacking in fruits and vegetables.
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