Esophageal Cancer Information
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What Is Esophageal Cancer?
Esophageal cancer occurs when the tissue that lines the esophagus becomes malignant. The esophagus is the tube that connects the throat to the stomach, allowing food to pass. The American Cancer Society estimates that more than 16,000 people will be diagnosed with esophageal cancer in 2011, with men having a higher risk than women.
Types of Esophageal Cancer
Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of esophageal cancer. This type of cancer forms in glandular cells in the lining of the esophagus that release mucus. It typically develops in the lower part of the esophagus, closer to the stomach.
Squamous cell carcinoma develops in the flat cells that line the esophagus. This type of esophageal cancer is typically found in the upper and middle parts of the esophagus.
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