Cancer is often thought of as an older person’s disease. However, testicular cancer is the most common cancer in American men between the ages of 15 and 34, and 90 percent of cases occur in men under the age of 54.
Young people aren’t typically thinking about cancer, so it’s important to be aware of the symptoms. Testicular cancer can occur in both testicles, but typically it develops in one.
Common symptoms include:
- A painless lump or swelling in the testicle
- A noticeable change in how the testicle looks and feels
- Swelling or discomfort in the scrotum
- A dull ache in the lower abdomen or the scrotum
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- Enlarged or swollen breasts
White men are more likely to develop testicular cancer than other races. Other risk factors include:
- An undescended testicle
- Abnormal development of the testicles
- An HIV infection
- A family or personal history of testicular cancer
- A non-invasive form of testicular cancer known as carcinoma in situ
Surgery to remove the affected testicle is the most common treatment. While testicular cancer treatment can cause physical and sexual side effects, it’s important for men to know they can have a normal sex life and have children.
Help spread the word to young men about testicular cancer. Know the symptoms, and catch it early!
Learn more about testicular cancer and its various treatment options.