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Surgery for colorectal cancer

surgical oncology

Surgery for colorectal cancer

Surgery is the most common colorectal cancer treatment. The goal of surgery is to remove colorectal tumors, as well as a margin of surrounding normal tissue and several nearby lymph nodes.

Many patients receive chemotherapy and, in some cases, radiation therapy following surgery for colorectal cancer. These adjuvant therapies help ensure that any cancer cells that remain after surgery are eliminated. Also, some rectal cancer patients receive chemotherapy and radiation treatment prior to surgery to help shrink tumors before they are surgically removed.

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What is surgery?

Surgery is used to diagnose, stage and treat cancer, and certain cancer-related symptoms. At Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA), our experienced surgeons have performed thousands of procedures and will discuss the surgical options that are best suited to your individual needs.

Whether a patient is a candidate for surgery depends on factors such as the type, size, location, grade and stage of the tumor, as well as general health factors such as age, physical fitness and other medical comorbidities. For many patients, surgery will be combined with other cancer treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy or hormone therapy. These may be administered before surgery (neoadjuvant) or after surgery (adjuvant) to help prevent cancer growth, spread or recurrence.

Early in the treatment planning process, we plan for and proactively manage any side effects from surgery. Our nutritionists, rehabilitation therapists and naturopathic clinicians work together with your surgical oncologist to support your healing and quality of life. Our reconstructive surgeons perform procedures to restore the body's appearance and function, often at the time of surgery or following surgery.