Colon Cancer Treatment & Therapy Options
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Colon Cancer Treatment Options
Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA) offers a variety of innovative procedures designed to target colon cancer while minimizing the side effects and impact on your life. Your treatment will depend on the stage of cancer, your overall health and your treatment goals.
Our doctors take time to understand your individual needs and then work with you to develop a colon cancer treatment plan that's right for you.
Surgery can be used to treat colon cancer in both the early and advanced stages. Depending on the stage and your treatment goals, surgery may be used in conjunction with other colon cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and targeted therapy.
Surgery for colon cancer is performed to remove tumors and the cancerous portion of the colon. To ensure all of the cancerous tissue is removed, a small portion of healthy colon tissue adjacent to the cancerous tissue will also be removed. Additionally, several nearby lymph nodes will be removed. Pathologists examine the lymph nodes under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present. This information helps doctors stage the disease and determine if additional treatment is needed.
- Polypectomy - In early stages of colon cancer (stage 0 and stage 1), the cancer can sometimes be treated by removing the polyp.
- Colon Resection (colectomy) - The cancerous portion of the colon is surgically removed. A colostomy may also be performed to help the body eliminate waste.
- The da Vinci® Surgical System - This sophisticated robotic surgical platform enables our surgeons to perform complex and delicate surgical procedures with improved precision, vision, dexterity and control. It can be a less invasive option for performing colon resection.
- Liver Resection - For some colon cancer patients who have metastatic disease in the liver, surgery to remove a portion of the liver containing the cancer may be a viable treatment option.
- Radiofrequency Ablation - Heated radiofrequency waves treat cancerous tumors. This procedure, which targets cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, like the
liver, may be performed during surgery for colon cancer.
The anti-cancer drugs used in chemotherapy are designed to inhibit the rapid division of cancer cells. Depending on your individual treatment plan, your oncologist may recommend using chemotherapy as a treatment for colon cancer after surgery. This type of treatment is used to help destroy any remaining cancer cells.
Typically, chemotherapy for colon cancer is administered through intravenous (IV) infusion. For this method of delivery, first a needle is inserted into a vein in your arm or hand. Then, a catheter (thin plastic tube) is inserted and the needle is removed. The chemotherapy flows through a tube attached to the catheter. The tube extends from an IV bag or bottle containing the medicine. The chemotherapy is slowly released into your bloodstream, traveling throughout your body.
At CTCA, we use a variety of innovative delivery methods to administer chemotherapy to a particular area of the body, including:
- Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) - HIPEC is a heated, sterilized chemotherapy solution which is delivered directly to the abdomen immediately following surgery. The goal of this treatment for colon cancer is to penetrate and destroy cancer cells that remain in the abdomen after surgery. In comparison to traditional chemotherapy delivery, HIPEC allows for higher doses of chemotherapy treatment. And because the chemotherapy is kept within the abdomen, it minimizes the rest of the body’s exposure to the treatment. This helps reduce some chemotherapy side effects.
- Intra-arterial Chemotherapy (IAC) and Chemoembolization - A targeted dose of chemotherapy drugs are delivered through the hepatic artery directly to the liver. If your cancer has metastasized (spread) to the liver, your oncologist may recommend this type of colon cancer treatment to target tumors in the liver while helping to spare healthy surrounding tissue.
Targeted therapy delivers drugs to cancer cells, preventing these cells from receiving the hormones and nutrients they need to continue to grow. Monoclonal antibody therapy is one targeted drug therapy aimed at leveraging your body’s natural immune response to recognize, attack and destroy colon cancer cells.
In some cases, radiation therapy may be part of a treatment plan for metastatic colon cancer. Radiation therapy targets tumors with precision high-energy rays.
We offer some of the most leading-edge radiation therapies in the United States. These therapies use techniques that deliver concentrated radiation doses directly to the tumor.
Our radiation oncologists use advanced radiation therapy delivery systems, including:
- Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)
- Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT)
Integrative Therapies for Colon Cancer
We believe caring for your overall well-being is an important part of the treatment process. Our integrative approach treats more than just the cancer. Through the use of mind-body medicine, nutrition therapy and oncology rehabilitation, your team will help to improve your quality of life before, during and after your treatment for colon cancer.
- Nutrition Therapy
- Pain Management
- Naturopathic Medicine
- Mind-Body Medicine
- Oncology Rehabilitation
- Spiritual Support
- Chiropractic Care
- Survivorship Support
The CTCA Difference
At CTCA, we offer traditional medical treatments in combination with supportive cancer therapies—all under one roof. Your treatment plan is designed with your needs and comfort in mind. Together, you and your doctors will chart the best course of treatment for you.
If you're looking for an innovative and personalized approach to treating colon cancer, call us today at 1-800-615-3055 or chat online to explore our colon cancer treatment program in more detail.