Stage IV bladder cancer
In stage IV bladder cancer, one of the following applies:
- T4b, N0, M0: Cancer has grown through the bladder wall and into the pelvic or abdominal wall (T4b), but has not spread to lymph nodes or distant sites.
- Any T, N1 to N3, M0: Cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes (N1–N3) but not to distant sites.
- Any T, any N, M1: Cancer has spread to distant sites, such as bones, liver or lungs (M1).