Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Information
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What Is Acute Myelogenous Leukemia?
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), also called acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia or acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, is a fast-growing form of cancer of the blood and bone marrow.
AML is the most common type of acute leukemia. It occurs when the bone marrow begins to make blasts, cells that have not yet completely matured. These blasts normally develop into white blood cells. However, in AML, these cells do not develop and are unable to ward off infections.
In AML, the bone marrow may also make abnormal red blood cells and platelets. The number of these abnormal cells increases rapidly, and the abnormal (leukemia) cells begin to crowd out the normal white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets that the body needs.
Subtypes of Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
One of the main things that differentiates acute myelogenous leukemia from the other main forms of leukemia is that it has eight different subtypes, which are based on the cell that the leukemia developed from. The types of acute myelogenous leukemia include:
- Myeloblastic (M0) - on special analysis
- Myeloblastic (M1) - without maturation
- Myeloblastic (M2) - with maturation
- Promyeloctic (M3)
- Myelomonocytic (M4)
- Monocytic (M5)
- Erythroleukemia (M6)
- Megakaryocytic (M7)
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